Life on Europa? | Space Time | PBS Digital Studios

The Hubble Telescope found more evidence of vast plumes of water bursting through the icy surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa. What does this tell us about the potential for life on Europa?

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Previous Episode

New findings have increased the likelihood that there is a vast ocean lying under the surface of Europa. Jupiter’s moon is emerging as one of the most likely places in our solar system to find life. Why do we think Europa is such a good bet for extra-terrestrial life? What would might that life look-like? And how soon will we be able to confirm this?

Written and hosted by Matt O’Dowd
Produced by Rusty Ward
Made by Kornhaber Brown (

Hydrothermal Vents:

Winter Flounder – Antifreeze Protein

Sky Whale:
Hypothetical advanced underwater life such as might exist in Europa’s ocean.
Image: © Adolf Schaller

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  • corona halted things

    Sergey S Vlasov May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Pleasure am Alan I am 26 years old I live in Brazil in Rio de Janeiro if someone knows anything something work I get very dedicated I need a lot to buy a house for me it is difficult to sleep many times in job lines and I also gave nothing several resumes nothing else I also just wanted a job to start building my house or buy I have a girlfriend and I also really want to get married and live next to her I also have an 8 year old son who lives with his mother and pays a pension every month, doing beaks more living with beaks doesn’t work out my dream and you have a signed job if someone wants to help me with a job or with 20 reais or 30 reais I will thank you very much and God will always bless your life whoever wants to help this and the number of my savings account. Agency: 0229
    Account: 013
    Account number: 00065830-5 May God always bless your life help me to fulfill my dream of having a big house but a small and simple house ok my cell number is 021972227228 thanks for the attention of all of you stay with God God give you twice as much 🙏🏻

    ALAN CORREIA PACHECO May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • It's very possible that there is no single form of life present there, but that place looked somewhat habitable.

    Albert Noble May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Squid like Octopus creatures with lights all over it.

    Ultimo May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • So I can fish there

    Demonxzombie zombie May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Retired Astronomy Professor. Outstanding!!! As well as extremely Provocative!!! Required viewing for all my students!!!

    Dan Furmanek May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • How do you even drill past kilometers of ice on space

    sciure sci May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Could life life do something like photosynthesis with all the radiation around there?

    Calisto Hüttich May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • What do we see when we peer down the big hole in the ice we drilled? A really big eye peering back!

    Gene Miller May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Spoiler: Europa is full of Europeans!!

    Sylvain Rocheleau May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Mate this S is killing my ears

    Davide Mantoan May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • there is no life in another planet.

    ShameDJ5 May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • This guy has a weird accent.

    Fritz May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Lets hope that life on Europa is not as dangerous as COVID-19 virus, or we will have to quarantine the entire Jupiter.

    John C Gibson May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • This is, in my opinion, the strongest argument against the rare earth hypothesis. In just our own solar system we already have plenty of candidates for places where extraterrestrial abiogenesis could happen.

    Zetapology May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Forget Mars lets go to Europa instead blasting "The Final Countdown" as we land. Concentrate on "Underwater" type modules instead of dusty cave dwellings and giant seafood recipes instead of plants fertilized by astronaut dried poop.

    Old_yuppie May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Have you not seen the movie Europa Report? There are monsters living there lol

    MissysDomain May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • That last part was the most interesting for me and a question I've been pondering for quite some time "Free Will". Is it an allusion or is it a real thing ? I guesstimated to be 94% an illusion (there seems to be 4%- 6% freedom of choice within certain circumstances) .. it's in slight flux but not by much. It is a mixture of probabilistic outcomes within an incapsulated past ,future and present environment 🤔. It truly only makes sense if a person takes account the holographic nature of the universe we live in.

    Edward Lawless May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • There is of course not even such a thing as karma much less superdeterminism as in we do not have the ability to choose what we would do in fact it's impossible to predict or it's impossible to how you might say have a system guide what it is that I'm supposed to say or do or think or feel because if that would happen then of course any action wouldn't be our responsibility. The idea that there's some God pulling all the strings all at the same time or that a program was created in order to adequately predict exactly what anyone would ever flag load do. It wouldn't matter if there is such a program capable of making the choice is on an individual level but superdeterminism to say that there is such a thing is ridiculous. Because although the cells of the body have no clue what the body wants to do if it's life it does things but we know that there are choices made by the individuals themselves choices made in biology which has nothing to do with the choices made in ourselves a question would be why is it that I don't know what my left hemisphere is doing if I am the right Hemisphere and they performed the segmentation on me. The Terminus would prove that there should be some reason for the saying to happen based on whatever it is that is actually taking place and so would rape the manifold or. The obvious thing is that people are in control of their own thoughts it isn't just a system trying to generate all the different possibility he's in then learn about those. It's a system that puts things into place and then the subsystems take on a hold all their own. Some people actually I think that quantum entanglement is. If you were to press a button that leads to a series of consecutive events that leads to another press of a button or such. And all goes well. The outcome was predicted when that machine was originally constructed. The person who constructed it is no more cognizant of another person making a similar move in on a completely different time say weeks ago who did not publicize the you know understand that I am totally lost by the fact that anyone even question this. Because if people were able to have a computer system or whatever control what everyone does why am I so much smarter than PBS people sometimes even though they have direct connection to the ones doing the measurements and I am sitting on my couch and they who should be of Greater intelligence still think that there is such a thing as curvature of space-time and I denied completely

    Simon Tracer May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Imagine if there is an ocean full of sea creatures that aren’t even aware of humans, just surviving.

    Kaden May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • imagine terraforming Mars by hitting it with Europa

    Prinz Eugen van Sovoyen May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Could we change the trajectory of a moon of Jupiter to collide with mars to provide mars with whater, gasses and a long therm hotter climate by party evaporating upon impact and releasing carbon dioxide and other gasses from mars crust – we could get a hotter mars with a useable athmospheric pressure and possibly even liquid whater

    Prinz Eugen van Sovoyen May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • welll i was trying to figure out which one seton was and i figured it out…he means saturn his accent is just out there for a californian man

    GreenEyedChild May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • The fact that we still don't know how life 'started' drives me nuts. I want to know so badly.

    Pr3ssPl4y May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • please dont blast a giant hole in the ice when we go to look,,use a microscopic cam and treat those moons humanely like a human body going in those an existing opening 1st, before cutting into it.

    GreenEyedChild May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Based on the Fermi Paradox, it's not a good thing if they do.
    Basically, if life is so common that there is more than one world with life on it, surely they would have developed space technology right? But if this is true, I quote Enrico Fermi, "where is everyone?"
    It's a bad thing because it means that life is common and that there is a stage ahead of us no life form can get past.
    In short, if we find other life, we're doomed to kill ourselves.

    Andrei Chicatun May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • I hate your S ssssssssss

    M A D V I L L A I N May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • we have the technology + the resources! All the space agencies i.e. NASA, ESA, SpaceX, ISA and iSpace should team up and quickly launch several rockets with probes and rovers bound for the jovian moons to uncover their secrets once and for all.. it should have been done 2 decades ago! Humanity needs to stop wasting time and cross the moons off our bucket list already! Planning and planning and planning.. just get it over with guys!

    Horny Toads May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • I don't think water is that important to life to exist and evolve. Change my mind.

    Grand Blue May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • A guess about Europa's ocean… – STERILE. Do I want to see anything else? – of course. But not likely. – We will find 1) – The ocean is much much smaller than we thought… and 2) – nothing is there.

    Patrick Howard May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Why is it that we have not sent an orbiting satellite to completely map the entire planet?

    TraderParker 13 May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Io the last place the traveler touched

    Keith Emerson May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • So Barotrauma isnt just a game afterall.

    JustMomo May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • I want to watch these videos so bad but I can't stand watching this guy narrate the video

    Jeremiah Chavez May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • This idea is really is a religion. Its amazing how a lethal environment brings life Not nurtured environment that we have seen in our surrounding in environment in which we live in. Interesting how this evolution religion try's to explain life and it completely backwards on what we know that support life.

    Carlos Portilo May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • The preasure on europa is intense so two holes I'll be best in the kce

    Angel White May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Can we build a nuclear powered drill already?

    boondockpaint May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • I believe that we will find life. And there’s more earths as well. Why would God make just one earth 🌏

    Jason Seifried May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • So Jupiter’ and Saturn Have Moons That Have Life
    (they could have life)

    M7MD gaming May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Google the Kalergi plan to know what you will find in Europa.

    P A V L V S May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • might be just every action in the universe is conscious…. but if you're not looking with the right eyes you don't know where the system of that consciousness begins and ends. In other words we're experiencing the universe rather than a free part of it.

    joe caterman May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • Wow NASA is lunching it right now

    Iv5an XD May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply
  • God I hate this guy's voice. And his mannerisms. And his mullet

    Kryto Rift May 14, 2020 6:05 am Reply

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